Modbus master

markevens
Posts: 2
Joined: Sat Aug 01, 2020 6:31 am

Modbus master

Postby markevens » Sat Aug 01, 2020 7:09 am

How write value to modbus slave register using esp32 as Modbus Master
i tried with below code but not work

err = sense_modbus_send_value(0, p);
if (err == ESP_OK) {
ESP_LOGI(TAG, "successful");
} else {
ESP_LOGI(TAG, "failed");
}

Serial output is

[0;32mI (371) SENSE_MB: sense_modbus_get_characteristics: Found (1) characteristics in table.[0m
[0;32mI (371) sense_main: Found (1) characteristics in the table.[0m
[0;32mI (411) sense_main: successful[0m

ESP_alisitsyn
Posts: 41
Joined: Fri Feb 01, 2019 4:02 pm

Re: Modbus master

Postby ESP_alisitsyn » Tue Aug 04, 2020 8:31 am

Hi @markevens,

You did not provide enough information (code) to understand what does not work in your application. Your read was successful.
As I can guess you are using freemodbus from v4.0 branch. Please see this topic and try to compile simple example in that topic which specifically created to demonstrate simple read and write of modbus registers and includes modbus fixes for v4.0. See the file:simple_modbus_fixesv40.zip saved here: https://esp32.com/viewtopic.php?f=13&t= ... lit=modbus

markevens
Posts: 2
Joined: Sat Aug 01, 2020 6:31 am

Re: Modbus master

Postby markevens » Fri Aug 07, 2020 11:26 am

Code: Select all

/*
* ESPRESSIF MIT License
*
* Copyright (c) 2018 <ESPRESSIF SYSTEMS (SHANGHAI) PTE LTD>
*
* Permission is hereby granted for use on all ESPRESSIF SYSTEMS products, in which case,
* it is free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy of this software and associated
* documentation files (the "Software"), to deal in the Software without restriction, including
* without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense,
* and/or sell copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is furnished
* to do so, subject to the following conditions:
*
* The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in all copies or
* substantial portions of the Software.
*
* THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR
* IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS
* FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR
* COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER
* IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN
* CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.
*
*/

#include "string.h"
#include "esp_log.h"
#include "sense_modbus.h"

static const char *TAG = "sense_main";

// The number of parameters that intended to be used in the particular control process
#define SENSE_MAX_CIDS 6

// Timeout to update cid over Modbus if it is not updated by set/get request from mdf
#define MODBUS_VALUE_UPDATE_TIMEOUT_US  (10000000)
#define MODBUS_GET_REQUEST_TIMEOUT      (1000)

#define INIT_DELAY_TICS                 (100 / portTICK_RATE_MS)
#define TIMEOUT_UPDATE_CIDS_MS          (1000)
#define TIMEOUT_UPDATE_CIDS_TICS        (TIMEOUT_UPDATE_CIDS_MS / portTICK_RATE_MS)

#define SENSE_TRIGGER_TASK_STACK_SIZE   (1024 * 4)
#define SENSE_TRIGGER_TASK_PRIO         (6)

#define SENSE_MAIN_TAG "SENSE_MAIN"

#define SENS_MAIN_CHECK(a, ret_val, str, ...) \
    if (!(a)) { \
        ESP_LOGE(SENSE_MAIN_TAG, "%s(%u): " str, __FUNCTION__, __LINE__, ##__VA_ARGS__); \
        return (ret_val); \
    }

// Characteristic information table
static characteristic_descriptor_t* cid_table[SENSE_MAX_CIDS] = { 0 };
static uint16_t cid_counter = SENSE_MAX_CIDS;

// User operational task to trigger event when cid value exceeds limit
static void trigger_operation_task(void *arg)
{
    float value;
    uint64_t timeout = 0;
    uint16_t temp_value = 0;
    bool alarm_state = false;
    bool relay_state = false;
    characteristic_descriptor_t cid_data = { 0 };

    while (1) {
        alarm_state = false;
        for (int cid = 0; cid < (CID_RELAY_P2); cid++)
        {
            // Get cid data
            ESP_ERROR_CHECK_WITHOUT_ABORT(sense_modbus_get_cid_data(cid, &cid_data));
            assert(cid_data.param_key != NULL);
            assert(cid_data.instance_ptr != NULL);
            // If value is not updated during 10 seconds then update it
            timeout = esp_timer_get_time();
            value = *(float*)cid_data.instance_ptr;
            // Check limits to set alarm if exceeded limit
            if (((value > cid_data.param_opts.max) ||
                    (value < cid_data.param_opts.min)) &&
                    (cid != CID_RELAY_P1)) {
                alarm_state = true;
            }
            if (timeout > (cid_data.timestamp + MODBUS_VALUE_UPDATE_TIMEOUT_US)) {
                // The value is not updated during timeout then update it
                // The actual value is saved in the instance storage
                value = 0;
                esp_err_t error = sense_modbus_read_value(cid, (void*)&value);
                if (error != ESP_OK) {
                    ESP_LOGE(SENSE_MAIN_TAG, "Update failed for cid: %u, %s(%s) = %d, %s",
                                                (uint16_t)cid,
                                                (char*)cid_data.param_key,
                                                (char*)cid_data.param_units,
                                                *(int*)cid_data.instance_ptr,
                                                (char*)esp_err_to_name(error));
                } else {
                    // Update state of alarm
                    if (cid == CID_RELAY_P1) {
                        // Get actual relay state
                        relay_state = (*(uint16_t*)(cid_data.instance_ptr)
                                            & (uint16_t)(cid_data.param_opts.opt1));
                        const char* relay_state_str = relay_state ? "ON" : "OFF";
                        ESP_LOGI(SENSE_MAIN_TAG, "cid: %u, (%s) = %s", (uint16_t)cid,
                                                    (char*)cid_data.param_key,
                                                    (const char*)relay_state_str);
                    } else {
                        // Update read value
                        ESP_LOGI(SENSE_MAIN_TAG, "cid: %u, %s(%s) = %.2f", (uint16_t)cid,
                                                (char*)cid_data.param_key,
                                                (char*)cid_data.param_units,
                                                (float)value);
                    }
                }
            }
        }
        // Check all characteristics if they exceed limits and set alarm accordingly
        if (!alarm_state) {
            if (relay_state == true) {
                ESP_LOGI(SENSE_MAIN_TAG, "The values within the limit, then release relay.");
                temp_value = 0;
                // Release the relay in IO slave device
                // Do not check an error in this example (IO slave may be not configured)
                (void)sense_modbus_send_value(CID_RELAY_P1, &temp_value); 
                relay_state = false;
            }
        } else {
            if (!relay_state) {
                ESP_LOGI(SENSE_MAIN_TAG, "The value exceeds limit, then set relay.");
                temp_value = 0x00FF;
                (void)sense_modbus_send_value(CID_RELAY_P1, &temp_value); // Set the relay
                relay_state = true;
            }
        }

        vTaskDelay(TIMEOUT_UPDATE_CIDS_TICS);
    }
    vTaskDelete(NULL);
}

static void sense_device_init()
{
    // Initialize and start Modbus controller
    sense_modbus_init();
}

void app_main()
{
    esp_err_t result = ESP_OK;

    // Initialization of device peripheral and objects
    sense_device_init();

    // Get all supported modbus characteristics from modbus controller
    result = sense_modbus_get_characteristics(&cid_table[0], &cid_counter);
    assert((result == ESP_OK) && (cid_counter >= 1));
    ESP_LOGI(TAG, "Found (%u) characteristics in the table.", cid_counter);
    characteristic_descriptor_t* sid_descr_ptr = { 0 };
    float value = 100;
  
    esp_err_t err = ESP_OK;
    int cid_registered = 0;
    // Read all found characteristics
    for (uint16_t cid = 0; cid < 1; cid++) {
        sid_descr_ptr = cid_table[cid];
        // Initially read of Modbus values and check status
        err = sense_modbus_send_value(cid, (void*)&value);
        if (err == ESP_OK) {
//            ESP_LOGI(TAG, "Characteristic (%s) data = 0x%.4x read successful.",
//                                                (char*)sid_descr_ptr->param_key, (unsigned int)value);
        	 ESP_LOGI(TAG, "successful");
            cid_registered++;
        } else {
//            ESP_LOGE(TAG, "Characteristic (%s) read value fail, err = %d (%s).",
//                                                (char*)sid_descr_ptr->param_key,
//                                                (int)err,
//                                                (char*)esp_err_to_name(err));
        	ESP_LOGI(TAG, "failed");
        }
    }

    // Starts operation task to check values and trigger an event
//    xTaskCreate(trigger_operation_task, "trigger_operation_task",
//                                        SENSE_TRIGGER_TASK_STACK_SIZE, NULL, SENSE_TRIGGER_TASK_PRIO, NULL);
}
this is the sense_main.c file as you can see what i change. all the other files as it is as per example from protocol/modbus
_master

I think this will write 100 modbus slave register but it is not working

This is my serial monitor output

[0;31mE (524) MB_CONTROLLER_MASTER: mbc_master_set_parameter(171): SERIAL master set parameter failure error=(0x107). [0m
[0;32mI (524) sense_main: failed [0m
[0;31mE (5714) MB_PORT_COMMON: vMBMasterRunResRelease: resource release failure. [0m

ESP_alisitsyn
Posts: 41
Joined: Fri Feb 01, 2019 4:02 pm

Re: Modbus master

Postby ESP_alisitsyn » Wed Aug 12, 2020 7:38 am

Hi markevens,

The sense example works with float values instead of registers of modbus in other words it writes float value of 100 into two modbus registers.
Did you check your connection using `examples/peripherals/uart/uart_echo_rs485`? I would propose to check your communication and then follow with modbus registers r/w. Once the communication works please start the simple_modbus project first (viewtopic.php?f=13&t=16685&hilit=modbus) to check ability to read/write registers. It shows how to write Modbus registers instead of values. Also it contains modbus fixes of v4.0. Later it will be possible to extend data dictionary `device_params.c::device_parameters` to read float and other types of values.

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