New tool for analyzing static memory size

ESP_Angus
Posts: 2182
Joined: Sun May 08, 2016 4:11 am

New tool for analyzing static memory size

Postby ESP_Angus » Wed Jun 28, 2017 7:05 am

The IDF master branch (as of commit 90f1d42a) has added a new tool (idf_size.py) for analyzing static memory size in your projects. This feature will be in the ESP-IDF v3.0 release, but not the forthcoming v2.1 release.

If you run "make size", the output now looks like this:

Code: Select all

Total sizes:
 DRAM .data size:    8084 bytes
 DRAM .bss  size:    1992 bytes
Used static DRAM:   10076 bytes ( 317604 available, 3.1% used)
Used static IRAM:   31732 bytes (  99340 available, 24.2% used)
      Flash code:   52123 bytes
    Flash rodata:   12244 bytes
Total image size:~ 104183 bytes (.bin may be padded larger)
There are two new targets, "make size-components" and "make size-files" which break this down further:

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$ make size-components
...
Per-archive contributions to ELF file:
            Archive File DRAM .data & .bss   IRAM Flash code & rodata   Total
                  libc.a          0      0      0      41430     3055   44485
                libcxx.a          4      0      0          5        0       9
             libdriver.a         20      0      0        181     1992    2193
              libesp32.a       3709    189   6945       3896     3309   18048
           libfreertos.a       4144    900  12783          0     1088   18915
                libgcc.a          0      0      0       3570        0    3570
                libhal.a          0      0    515          0       32     547
                liblog.a          8    268    418         82        0     776
                  libm.a          0      0      0         88        0      88
               libmain.a          0      0      0        184      192     376
             libnewlib.a        148    252    870        563       84    1917
                libsoc.a          0      0   3181          0      489    3670
          libspi_flash.a         36    323   5740        626     1521    8246
                libvfs.a          4     44    445       1355      385    2233

Code: Select all

$ make size-files
...
Per-file contributions to ELF file:
             Object File DRAM .data & .bss   IRAM Flash code & rodata   Total
libc.a
          lib_a-assert.o          0      0      0         68       60     128
            lib_a-dtoa.o          0      0      0       3342       15    3357
           lib_a-errno.o          0      0      0         10        0      10
        lib_a-fiprintf.o          0      0      0         84        0      84
           lib_a-flags.o          0      0      0        127        0     127
           lib_a-fopen.o          0      0      0        228        0     228
           lib_a-fseek.o          0      0      0         45        0      45
          lib_a-fseeko.o          0      0      0        870        0     870
           lib_a-mprec.o          0      0      0       2134      296    2430
          lib_a-printf.o          0      0      0        116        0     116
            lib_a-puts.o          0      0      0        174       16     190
           lib_a-reent.o          0      0      0        232        0     232
         lib_a-s_frexp.o          0      0      0        110        0     110
         lib_a-sprintf.o          0      0      0          0        0       0
      lib_a-svfiprintf.o          0      0      0       9642     1210   10852
       lib_a-svfprintf.o          0      0      0          0        0       0
       lib_a-vfiprintf.o          0      0      0       9981      738   10719
        lib_a-vfprintf.o          0      0      0      14173      720   14893
         lib_a-vprintf.o          0      0      0         94        0      94
libcxx.a
            cxx_guards.o          4      0      0          5        0       9
libdriver.a
                  gpio.o          4      0      0          0        0       4
           periph_ctrl.o          4      0      0          0        0       4
...
This can help you see what code is being linked into the final project binary, and how much memory of various kinds this code uses.

Some Notes

- Output shown above is different from running xtensa-esp32-elf-size libcomponent.a or xtensa-esp32-elf-size file.o. xtensa-esp32-elf-size gives you the size of the entire contents of the unlinked library archive or object file. Whereas the output shown above counts only the parts that were actually linked into the final executable (usually much smaller).

- The available IRAM/DRAM estimates and the available dynamic heap memory at runtime will be a little different. There is some accounting overhead from the heap data structures themselves. Plus the WiFi library, TCP/IP library, etc. all make use of dynamic heap memory.

- The size of each section in the .ELF file will be larger than the sum of all the sizes shown above, because of padding.

- Any external PSRAM is not accounted for. (PSRAM can't be used as static memory, only as dynamic heap memory.)

- There are some more features coming in v3.0 to make it easier to analyze dynamic heap memory usage, as well.

- If you find any bugs, please let us know.

permal
Posts: 384
Joined: Sun May 14, 2017 5:36 pm

Re: New tool for analyzing static memory size

Postby permal » Thu Jun 29, 2017 7:02 pm

Just tried this out, it is great stuff :)

larissadj
Posts: 4
Joined: Thu Apr 04, 2019 12:15 pm

Re: New tool for analyzing static memory size

Postby larissadj » Wed May 08, 2019 3:57 pm

Please where should i do the make size? In which Ordner?
I have tried it in esp/ and in esp/esp-idf but it is doesn't work. I am new in Esp32.

Thanks for any issue.

ESP_Sprite
Posts: 3914
Joined: Thu Nov 26, 2015 4:08 am

Re: New tool for analyzing static memory size

Postby ESP_Sprite » Thu May 09, 2019 3:35 am

Run it in the main directory of your project.

larissadj
Posts: 4
Joined: Thu Apr 04, 2019 12:15 pm

Re: New tool for analyzing static memory size

Postby larissadj » Wed May 15, 2019 7:14 am

It works. Thanks so much!!!!!!

larissadj
Posts: 4
Joined: Thu Apr 04, 2019 12:15 pm

Re: New tool for analyzing static memory size

Postby larissadj » Wed May 15, 2019 1:05 pm

Hello,

Please what is the complete command to run xtensa-esp32-elf-size libcomponent.a or xtensa-esp32-elf-size file.o. xtensa-esp32-elf-size. I have tried to run it like the command for the gdb but it doesn't work. Thanks again for the suggestion.

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