Arduino 开发 ESP32 的问题

daemondong
Posts: 9
Joined: Fri Dec 24, 2021 7:20 am

Arduino 开发 ESP32 的问题

Postby daemondong » Sat Jan 29, 2022 8:44 am

我在学习Arduino开发ESP32, 使用了ESP32开发板和TM1638模块,https://item.taobao.com/item.htm?spm=a1 ... 954qih43ef 。发现只有按键S1响应正常,按下LED灯亮,松开LED灯灭. 其余按键都是按下后,LED一直闪烁,请问有人知道问题所在么 ? 代码如下。 硬件没问题,我使用C开发的程序,一切工作正常。谢谢大家。

Code: Select all

#define DATA_COMMAND  0X40
#define DISP_COMMAND  0x80
#define ADDR_COMMAND  0XC0

//TM1638模块引脚定义
#define DIO_GPIO    23
#define DIO_ON      digitalWrite(DIO_GPIO, HIGH)
#define DIO_OFF     digitalWrite(DIO_GPIO, LOW)
#define DIO_VAL     digitalRead(DIO_GPIO)
#define DIO_IN      pinMode(DIO_GPIO, INPUT_PULLUP)
#define DIO_OUT     pinMode(DIO_GPIO, OUTPUT)

#define CLK_GPIO    22
#define CLK_ON      digitalWrite(CLK_GPIO, HIGH)
#define CLK_OFF     digitalWrite(CLK_GPIO, LOW)

#define STB_GPIO    21
#define STB_ON      digitalWrite(STB_GPIO, HIGH)
#define STB_OFF     digitalWrite(STB_GPIO, LOW)

//共阴数码管显示代码
uint8_t tab[]={0x3F,0x06,0x5B,0x4F,0x66,0x6D,0x7D,0x07,
                           0x7F,0x6F,0x77,0x7C,0x39,0x5E,0x79,0x71,0x00};

#define LED_BUILTIN 2


bool high_low = true;
uint8_t cnt1S = 0;
uint8_t keyCnt = 0;
uint8_t keyVal = 0;
uint8_t keyNow = 0;
uint8_t num[8]={0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0};

uint8_t batterylevel = 99;
int32_t elevation = 0;  // BLE Characteristic uses sint24_t



void TM1638_Write(uint8_t data)      //写数据函数
{
  uint8_t i;
  for(i=0;i<8;i++)
  {
    CLK_OFF;
    asm("NOP");
    if (data & 0X01)
      DIO_ON;
    else
      DIO_OFF;
    data >>= 1;
    CLK_ON;
    asm("NOP");
  }
}

uint8_t TM1638_Read(void)          //读数据函数
{
  uint8_t i;
  uint8_t temp=0;
  DIO_IN; //设置为输入
  for(i=0;i<8;i++)
  {
    temp>>=1;
    CLK_OFF;
    asm("NOP");
    CLK_ON;
    asm("NOP");

    if(DIO_VAL==HIGH)
      temp|=0x80;
  }
  DIO_OUT;  //设置为输出
  return temp;
}

void Write_COM(uint8_t cmd)    //发送命令字
{
  STB_OFF;
  TM1638_Write(cmd);
  STB_ON;
}

uint8_t Read_key(void)
{
  uint8_t c[4],i,key_value;
  STB_OFF;
  TM1638_Write(0x42);              //读键扫数据 命令
  for (i=0;i<4;i++) {
    c[i]=TM1638_Read();
  }
  STB_ON;                    //4个字节数据合成一个字节
  
  key_value=0;
  for (i=0;i<4;i++) {
    if (c[i] &0x01) key_value |= (0x01<<(i));
    if (c[i] &0x10) key_value |= (0x01<<(i+4));
  }
  if (key_value>0) Serial.printf("Key=%02x\n", key_value);
  for(i=0;i<8;i++) {
    if((0x01<<i) & key_value)
      break;
  }
  return i;
}

void Write_DATA(uint8_t add,uint8_t data)   //指定地址写入数据
{
  Write_COM(0x44);
  STB_OFF;
  TM1638_Write(0xc0|add);
  TM1638_Write(data);
  STB_ON;
}
/*
void Write_oneLED(uint8_t num,uint8_t flag) //单独控制一个LED函数,num为需要控制的led序号,flag为0时熄灭,不为0时点亮
{
  if(flag)
    Write_DATA(2*num+1,1);
  else
    Write_DATA(2*num+1,0);
}   */

void Write_allLED(uint8_t LED_flag)         //控制全部LED函数,LED_flag表示各个LED状态
{
  uint8_t i;
  for(i=0;i<8;i++)
    {
      if(LED_flag&(1<<i))
        //Write_DATA(2*i+1,3);
        Write_DATA(2*i+1,1);
      else
        Write_DATA(2*i+1,0);
    }
}

//TM1638初始化函数
void init_TM1638(void)
{
    uint8_t i;

  pinMode(DIO_GPIO, OUTPUT);
  pinMode(CLK_GPIO, OUTPUT);
  pinMode(STB_GPIO, OUTPUT);

  Write_COM(0x8b);       //亮度 (0x88-0x8f)8级亮度可调
  Write_COM(0x40);       //采用地址自动加1
  STB_OFF;               //
  TM1638_Write(0xc0);    //设置起始地址

  for(i=0;i<16;i++)    //传送16个字节的数据
    TM1638_Write(0x00);
  STB_ON;

  for(i=0;i<8;i++)
    if (i<2 ||i>5)
      Write_DATA(i<<1,tab[0]);                 //初始化寄存器
    else
      Write_DATA(i<<1,tab[16]);                 //初始化寄存器
}


// Setup
void setup() {
  // initialize digital pin LED_BUILTIN as an output.
  pinMode(LED_BUILTIN, OUTPUT);

  init_TM1638();

  Write_DATA(0,tab[batterylevel/10]);
  Write_DATA(2,tab[batterylevel%10]);
  
  Serial.begin(115200);

} // Setup

// Main
void loop() {

  keyNow = Read_key();
  if(keyVal != keyNow)
  {
      if (keyCnt>=3) {
        Serial.printf("Key=%02x, Cnt=%d\n", keyVal,keyCnt);
        keyCnt=0;
        if (keyVal<8) {
          num[keyVal]++;
          if(num[keyVal]>15)
            num[keyVal]=0;
          if (keyVal==0 && batterylevel<95) batterylevel +=5; 
          if (keyVal==1 && batterylevel>5) batterylevel -=5; 
          Write_DATA(0,tab[batterylevel/10]);
          Write_DATA(2,tab[batterylevel%10]);
          //Write_DATA(keyVal*2,tab[num[keyVal]]);
        }
      }
      keyVal=keyNow;
      keyCnt=0;
  }
  else {
    keyCnt++;
  }
  if (keyVal<8) Write_allLED(1<<keyVal);
  else Write_allLED(0);

  delay(20);
} // Main

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